chapter  3
26 Pages

Inequalities and Intersections in Health: A Review of the Evidence

ByADITI IYER, GITA SEN, PIROSKA ÖSTLIN

Social relations of power based on gender, class, caste, race, and ethnicity structure women’s and men’s exposure and vulnerability to ill-health, their access to health protective resources, and the consequences to them of disease, disability and violence (Lynch and Kaplan, 2000; Östlin, 2002). Since the 1990s, feminist theorists have increasingly argued that these axes of power are intertwined as processes that construct and are constructed by the other (Collins, 1998; Davis, 2008; McCann and Kim, 2003). The interrelationships occur in-and affect-individual lives, social practices, institutional arrangements and cultural ideologies (Davis, 2008).