The changing face of human resource management in Vietnam
This chapter reviews the evolution of Human Resource Management (HRM) and its continued changes under political-economic conditions, and analyzes the need for increasing the competitiveness level of Vietnam's workforce. However, there are still several factors that are impeding the process of upgrading the quality of the workforce and HRM practices in organizations. 'Modern' HRM concepts and practices, together with other management techniques, were introduced into the country only when it decided to shift towards a free market economy. The need for effective HRM and Human Resource Development has become more urgent after Vietnam joined the World Trade Organization in January 2007. Local enterprises have started to apply new HRM concepts, such as Quality of Work Life, as an effective source of motivating employees. A large majority of Vietnamese enterprises are still in the very first phase of development, and generally lack a strategic HRM focus and recognition for the crucial role of the HR function.