Personality in children and adolescents: Development and consequences
This chapter focuses on individual diﬀerences between children, as indicated by the concepts of temperament and personality. It describes how children’s personalities are clearly observable from an early age and show moderate stability. It points out how personality and environmental factors determine a child’s functioning through person-environment correlations as well as person-environment interactions. Furthermore, several possible connections between personality and psychopathology in children are illustrated. To conclude, the implications of the above for interventions with children are discussed.