CIAM, Team X, and the Rediscovery of African Settlements: Between Dogon and Bidonville
The signiﬁcant interest for urban and rural settlements of the Mediterranean side of the African continent amongst architects working in Europe and North America in the 1950s and 1960s is a wellknown phenomenon. The motivations were diverse. For a small group of European architects Africa became a true working terrain, often described as a “laboratory of experimentation,” on which the most modern architectural and urban concepts could be tested. This was for instance the case for French architects that were active in Morocco and Algeria and could elaborate experimental projects throughout the colonial territories during the 1950s and even after independence.2 Often these projects were published in inﬂuential architectural periodicals as is exempliﬁed by the special issues Maroc and Afrique du Nord of L’Architecture d’aujourd’hui, in 1951 and 1955 respectively.