chapter  13
18 Pages

“It Seems Like We Should Be on the Same Side!”: Native Americans, Environmentalists, and the

ByGrand Canyon

Ingram was a tenacious environmentalist with a deep commitment to protecting the Grand Canyon.3 A decade prior to Ingram’s ugly outburst, David Brower, who became the rst executive director of the club in 1952, chose him to be the club’s rst eld representative in the Southwest. Both Ingram and Brower were among a group of leaders that set the tone for the club during the 1950s and 1960s as “hard-driving and uncompromising” with their approach to environmental politics.4 Together with other leaders such as Mike

McCloskey, Martin Litton, and Brock Evans, they pulled the club through a series of galvanizing events beginning with the battle over a dam at Echo Park in Dinosaur National Monument (in the rst half of the 1950s) and on through a ght over the placement of dams in the Grand Canyon, lobbying for the passage of the Wilderness Act, ghting for the creation of Redwood National Park in northern California, and blocking the creation of a nuclear power plant at Diablo Canyon on the California coast (all in the 1960s).