Chinese newspapers, ethnic identity and the state: The case of Malaysia
Few countries have more diverse Chinese-language media than that found in Malaysia. There are thirteen daily newspapers, four dedicated Chineselanguage radio stations, nine satellite channels, daily broadcasts from all six terrestrial television stations and a flourishing magazine industry, to cater for a Chinese population of six million. However, media diversity is not a reflection of media freedom and participation. In fact, the trend over the last 30 years has been towards significant shifts in indirect and direct state control in ownership and content.