chapter  1
13 Pages

Four key policy questions about parent engagement recommendations from the evidence

ByKENNETH LEITHWOOD

This chapter summarises recent evidence in response to four key questions concerning parent engagement in their children’s schooling. Fifty-seven original empirical studies published since 1996 in reputable refereed journals,1 along with six recent, particularly well-done reviews of literature, form the database used to answer these questions2 and to craft a series of best-evidence recommendations for parents, school staff and educational policy-makers. The questions are about:

• the abilities, dispositions and behaviours needed of parents, teachers, principals, and school staff to foster parent engagement;

• factors contributing to poor communication and tense relationships between parents and teachers or principals;

• features of the context (e.g. school environment, socio-economic status, urbanrural characteristics, school-community relations, etc.) enhancing different types of parent engagement;

• sources and types of assistance in the development of resources and training programmes to foster parent engagement.