chapter  8
Metacognition and Children’s Writing
ByKAREN R. HARRIS, STEVE GRAHAM, MARY BRINDLE, KARIN SANDMEL
Pages 23

Writing is a critical component of humanity’s story, so much so that historians distinguish between pre-history and history, with history defined by the invention of writing over 5,000 years ago. Today, approximately 85% of the world’s population writes (Swedlow, 1999). Once used primarily for record-keeping, writing is now critical to communication and learning, as well as self-expression (Graham, 2006; Harris & Graham, 1992). Writing can foster a sense of heritage and purpose among members of communities or nations, help maintain connections with those important to us, enhance self-exploration, provide psychological and physiological benefits, act as a powerful tool in persuasion, and enhance the human experience in many additional ways (Graham, Harris, & Olinghouse, 2007; Swedlow, 1999).