chapter  19
Meta-Knowledge in Tutoring
ByARTHUR C. GRAESSER, SIDNEY D’MELLO, AND NATALIE PERSON
Pages 22

It is important to have a chapter in this volume on one-to-one tutoring because it is one of the most effective methods of helping students learn. Tutoring provides the opportunity for an intense “meeting of the minds” between a student and a person with subject matter expertise. Tutoring is the standard panacea when students are failing to meet expected grades and anxiety reverberates among the students, parents, teachers, principals, and school systems. Anxiety turns to panic when a school is not meeting the standards of a high stakes test, when a prize athlete may be cut from a team, and when a student runs the risk of losing a scholarship. A wealthy family might end up paying $200 per hour for an accomplished tutor to save a son or daughter.