chapter  4
40 Pages

A Profi le of Child and Adolescent Well-Being: A Call for Action

Signifi cant changes have occurred from 1970 to the present. Risk factors are signifi cant variables in a child’s or adolescent’s life that make them vulnerable to future self-defeating or dysfunctional behavior. They can be environmental, cultural, or the result of a predisposition in personality. Eleven risk factors have been identifi ed as important variables when considering the well-being of children and adolescents (U.S. Census Bureau, 1997; Child Trends, 2009). These are discussed below.