The value of security: Hobbes, Marx, Nietzsche, and Baudrillard
The rapidity of change in the international system, as well as the inability of international theory to make sense of that change, raises this question: Of what value is security? More speciﬁcally, just how secure is this preeminent concept of international relations? This evaluation of security invokes interpretive strategies to ask epistemological, ontological, and political questions – questions that all too often are ignored, subordinated, or displaced by the technically biased, narrowly framed question of what it takes to achieve security. The goal, then, of this inquiry is to make philosophically problematic that which has been practically axiomatic in international relations. The ﬁrst step is to ask whether the paramount value of security lies in its abnegation of the insecurity of all values.