chapter  9
29 Pages

The impact of environmental and climate constraints on global food supply

WithBAS EICKHOUT, HANS VAN MEIJL, ANDRZEJ TABEAU AND

Food supply and food distribution have, for many decades, been among the most important issues playing a role in the global political arena. At the firstWorld Food Summit in 1974 political leaders from around the world set a goal to eradicate hunger in the world within 10 years. Obviously, this ambitious goal was not met, leading to new goals at the secondWorld Food Summit in 1996. The world leaders committed themselves to reduce by half the number of chronically undernourished by the year 2015. This target has been endorsed at many other meetings since then and is now known as one of the eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) of the United Nations (United Nations, 2001). The MDGs commit the international community to adopt an extended view on development and recognize the importance of creating a global partnership to achieve sustainable economic growth.