National Socialism, human genetics and eugenics in The Netherlands, 1940–1945
National Socialist warfare would not only lead to the dominance of the ‘master race’. In the process of war the race itself would be forged. In this sense racial hygiene and eugenics, pursuing health policies that aimed at the puriﬁ cation of the German people and its racial composition, held a key role within the Nazi bid for dominance and conquest. Not only did the war offer opportunities for pursuing eugenic policies, these policies were considered essential for maintaining and strengthening the ﬁ ghting powers of the Axis.