chapter  1
Introduction: A story of studying technological innovation
Pages 18

It may be stating the obvious to say that knowledge is the key resource in today’s post-industrial society; a powerful discourse has been construed in the latest years, which relates the sustainability and the success of businesses to their capacity to compete on the edge of new and rare knowledge, either in the form of new products and services, or businesses, etc. This discourse has a great impact on the structural properties of society and organizations; the latter, following the prescriptions of knowledge rhetoric, have joined the pursuit of identifying their knowledge capital and supporting the processes of new knowledge generation and innovation, which are expected ultimately to return the competitive advantage. Hence, a new type of organization has emerged: the knowledge-based organization; its main feature is that the production processes are not defined by capital or labour, but knowledge. Knowledge becomes the input and the output of the production process, and its quest intensifies.