International law and international community
The term “international community” adds a normative element of common values to the more factual notion of an interconnected international society composed of states and other international actors. The chapter analyzes institutionalist, liberal and postmodern views of the international community. It also looks at more recent claims that international law is fragmenting rather than developing into a community. The chapter concludes that a common ground of values is needed for international law to function. The international community does not constitute a system superior to all others, but is a shortcut for the dealings of states and non-state actors beyond state boundaries, and for a collective endeavor to tackle problems such as the protection of the environment and the prevention of genocide and famine.