Furthermore, our data allow for an examination of resolutions pertaining to a wide variety of UN actions. We posit that such information is important in as much as the UN responses to a dispute often show a gradual intensity in their approach to the conflict at hand. The UN, in general, does not decide on a peacekeeping or peacemaking mission before exhausting other options, such as various appeals to states or the declaration of military or economic sanctions. These lower-level actions, short of the use of force, are common practice for the UN, but are little studied in the literature. This is despite the fact that recipients of resolutions are generally well aware of the process of UN decision-making.