chapter  4
24 Pages

Social and Temporal Orientations in Social Dilemmas

WithPaul A. M. Van Lange, Jeff A. Joireman

The health and vitality of relationships, groups, and society at large are strongly challenged by social dilemmas, or conflicts between short-term self-interest and long-term collective interest. Pollution, depletion of natural resources, and intergroup conflict can be characterized as examples of urgent social dilemmas. This chapter advances a conceptual framework in which we analyze social dilemmas in terms of social and temporal concerns relevant to the social (individual vs. collective) and temporal (short-term vs. long-term) conflicts underlying social dilemmas. We discuss the plasticity of social orientations (altruism, cooperation, egalitarianism, individualism, competition, aggression) and temporal orientations (short-term orientation, future orientation) within the context of Messick and colleagues’ recent appropriateness framework (Weber, Kopelman, & Messick, 2004).