The juridiﬁcation of administrative complaints and review in Vietnam
The juridiﬁcation of administrative complaints and review in Vietnam is closely linked to the creation of a mixed-market economy. The term “juridiﬁcation” describes a tendency toward governance through legal rules, legal professionals and judicial power. Foreign investment and membership of international trade agreements, especially the WTO, has generated pressure for juridiﬁcation. Over time party leaders have come to believe that law-based regulation is necessary to stimulate economic development and check the powers of the executive government. This transformation involves shifting some regulatory power from the executive to enable courts to resolve disputes.