chapter  24
14 Pages

Biomechanics of the long jump

ByNicholas P. Linthorne

The basic technique used in long jumping has remained unchanged since the beginning of modern athletics in the mid-nineteenth century. The athlete sprints down a runway, jumps up from a wooden take-off board, and flies through the air before landing in a pit of sand. A successful long jumper must, therefore, be a fast sprinter, have strong legs for jumping, and be sufficiently coordinated to perform the moderately complex take-off, flight, and landing maneuvers. The best women long jumpers achieve distances of about 6.5-7.5 m, whereas the best men (who are faster and stronger) reach about 8.0-9.0 m.