This chapter aims to assist relatively inexperienced educators by exploring key issues for teaching and learning in nursing and midwifery. Educators from other disciplines may also find some aspects of the chapter helpful. It begins by discussing the ever-changing context of healthcare and implications for health professionals’ education. We highlight the continual evolution of curricula before turning to teaching, learning and assessment in nine key areas: practical skills and professional judgement, developing clinical reasoning, theory and underpinning knowledge, simulation, communication skills, interprofessional collaboration, user and carer involvement, flexible approaches to learning, and large and heterogeneous student cohorts. A variety of roles that have evolved to support student learning will be described; but first we should acknowledge our own context.