Mexican American Fatherhood: Culture, Machismo, and Spirituality
Fatherhood has become an increasingly important dialogue in lifespan development (Bozett & Hanson, 1991; Parke, 2000; Shapiro, Diamond, & Greenberg, 1996). As reported by Marsiglio, Amato, Day, and Lamb (2000), the scholarship on fatherhood over the last 15 years has highlighted a major field of study that has included critical discourse about methodological inquiry, national surveys and fathering measures, father involvement in childhood outcomes, father-child relationships, and the inclusion of nonresident fathers. However, little attention has been paid to the study of culturally diverse fathers and the differential impact on the life cycle of ethnic minority families (Hunter & Davis, 1992; Rogers & White, 1993). Consequently, the study of fathers through the ’90s decade has focused its understanding of culturally diverse men on extrapolation from married and middle-class populations, limiting the empirical knowledge base of those individuals and families who do not fit into this framework (Coley, 2001).