Workplace Bullying: Causes, Consequences, and Corrections
Adult bullying at work is shockingly common and enormously destructive. In an in-depth analysis of 148 organizations worldwide, “workplaces evidencing bullying on a relatively routine basis [made] up 49% of the total analyzed” (Hodson, Roscigno, & Lopez, 2006, p. 391). U.S. studies also suggest alarming prevalence rates. During any given 6 to 12 month period up to 13% of workers are bullied on the job; this increases significantly when counting those bullied at any time during their careers (30%, Lutgen-Sandvik, Tracy, & Alberts, 2007; 37%, Namie, 2007). These numbers translate to millions of workers: “According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (U.S. DOL) 146 million Americans were employed in July 2007. An estimated 54 million Americans have been bullied at work using the 37% rate” (Namie, 2007, para. 4).