chapter  10
14 Pages

Contrasting legal concepts of active citizenship: Europe and the Nordic countries KIRSTEN KETSCHER

The Nordic countries are characterized by the state’s more active involvement in citizens’ well-being than in most other European countries. The development of welfare rights has been a political project in which national parliaments and social democratic parties have been the driving forces, and until the early 2000s, control through courts and legal tribunals played a minor role. As this legal area has not been the object of systematic legal analysis, a legal framework for understanding citizens’ rights in the welfare state has been missing.