The focus of each chapter and the range of issues covered all reflect the need to be open to diversity and difference when considering current debates and challenges about violence, abuse and oppression. Three key themes resonate throughout the book. First is the understanding that violence, abuse and oppression is multi-faceted and complex, intersecting with age, ethnicity, indigenous issues, class, level of physical or mental ability and sexuality, as well as structural factors such as poverty and entrenched historical disadvantage. The need to respect human rights and the meaningful participation of all citizens has been highlighted as being central to addressing violence, abuse and oppression. Second is the importance of taking into account gender as the implications of gendered power imbalances feature significantly in many of the chapters and issues of power and responsibility and what is heard and what is not heard is integral to all discussions relating to these areas. Third are the implications for human service professionals which feature in the final sections of each chapter. Influencing this third area are the professionals’ own experiences and understandings of violence in the workplace. We review these key themes in relation to responses to violence, abuse and oppression, consider resource issues, highlight the messages for human service professionals and suggest possible ways forward.