chapter  9
22 Pages

The Geography of Hindu Right-Wing Violence in India

ByRupal Oza

Hinduism was traditionally practiced in many dierent ways because it was characterized by what Romila apar calls a conglomeration of sects. Hinduism thus differed from the Semitic traditions by “the absence of a prophet, of a revealed book regarded as sacred, of a monotheistic god, of ecclesiastical organization, of theological debates on orthodoxy and heresy, and, even more important, the absence of conversion.”11 According to apar, the consolidation of Hinduism came about in the context of Christian missionaries, orientalist scholarship, and as part of the reform movements that attempted to nd parallels with the Semitic religions.12 ese eorts to categorize and designate Hinduism also served the purpose of solidifying boundaries between Hindu and Muslim.13