chapter  2
22 Pages

The ‘new politics’ of pension reforms in Continental Europe

ByDAVID NATALI, MARTIN RHODES

From the 1970s on, a series of pressures have shaken the social protection structures created and developed in Europe in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. These include an increase in the demand for services (beyond the expansion of available resources), the transformation of the family, an ageing population, general budgetary strains (compounded in some countries by the EMU convergence criteria) and an ideological shift towards neo-liberal principles and values.