chapter  11
31 Pages

Does the liberalization of trade advance gender equality in schooling and health?


Since 1945 modern economic growth and the demographic transition have progressed beyond Europe, Japan, North America, and Oceania, and these economic and demographic changes are closely related to the advances of women’s schooling (Schultz 1995, 1997, 1998). This chapter explores the following questions: are these advances in educational status of women reflected in other indicators of women’s improved well-being, such as longevity and child health? Are the features of globalization in this period-policies that opened domestic economies to international trade and fostered an increase in exports and imports as a share of income-associated with increases in schooling and health and with advances in gender equality expressed in terms of these forms of human capital?