I ~ the.Book of,Judithin part,~odeledon Herodotus's account of the I.)CrSianlDvaSlOns of breece lD the fifth century B.C.E.? vVas the author of Judith ac-quainted with the Histories? Thc idea is by no means a new one; and most students of]udith seem not to find it very interesting. l But if it should ever come to be seen as not only interesting but even probably correct, it would alter our appreciation of Judith, its author, and its genre. No less important, it would offer another curious detail to complicate further our already very complicated ideas about Hellenistic Jewish culture.