chapter  3
16 Pages

Trait-State Anxiety, Worry, and Emotionality in Athletic Competition

ByFrontisek Man, F. Táborský, Charles D. Spielberger

Emotional reactions to stress can be observed in almost all spheres of human activity and are invariably present in competitive sports, especially in championship competition. When the pressures of competition are very high, the performance of some athletes is facilitated, while others tend to perform more poorly. Moreover, players who exhibit an outstanding performance in

training and practice games may perform poorly in subsequent national and international competition.