chapter  11
20 Pages

Gender-Role Orientations and the Conversion of Social Capital into Political Engagement

This division between the public world of work and politics and the private world of the home and family was frequently used by scholars who did not question the appropriateness of this division to explain w om en’s lower levels of political engagement.7 However, feminist researchers also attributed w om en’s lower levels of political engagement to situational or structural barriers (i.e., their gender roles as mothers and homemakers) or their gender-role socialization.8 Along with lower levels of education, less experience in the w ork - place, less disposable income, and the greater time demands that accompany child-rearing, which isolates them in the home, the privatization of women into traditional gender-roles was considered to be an im portant factor contributing to their lower levels of political and psychological engagement.9