chapter  17
JOHN MURPHY: A Language of Shrugs
Pages 7

Michael had a number of challenges in his life. At 10 years old, he was already an abject failure as a student. He had been diagnosed with moderate mental retardation, an IQ estimated in the high 60s. As if that was not enough for him to deal with, Michael lived in the “projects,” the euphemism for federally funded community housing. He was poor, black, and classified as mentally handicapped.