World summits are dogged by fundamental questions: What are they good for? Do they produce social and political change commensurate with
their enormous cost in money and policy makers’ time? True, at least one world summit has yielded a major result: the 1992 Earth Summit produced the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change that led to national commitments to cut greenhouse gas emissions. Other summits, however, have not had such clear-cut results. e question remains, Is a world summit a vehicle for meaningful social and political change?