The Activist City in an Era of Free Trade
Making sense of Toronto as a field of activist politics is central to understanding the emergence and development of the MNSJ. Every time-place is composed of countless swirling and contradictory historical currents and contemporary dynamics. In representing any context, no single unproblematic rendering exists. In what follows, I have drawn on world-city perspectives and urban movements literatures to construct a place-based reading of Toronto, the city which MNSJ activists came to see as their primary field of action.