This chapter explores several propositions that recur in the context of legal reform, particularly as regards the transitional economies of (previously) socialist states. A central assumption is that legal systems in these economies will benefit from legal borrowing or transplanting, usually from the West. Reform models ordinarily assume the inherent good of Western legal systems. As a result, the impact of political or cultural differences between the donor and recipient countries remains underexplored. This chapter considers the extent to which political and cultural factors affect legal transplants.