chapter  10
37 Pages

Subcontracted homework in Thailand

ByNARUMON ARUNOTAI, NAPAT GORDON, RATANA JARUBENJA

The growth of homework in Thailand can be attributed to the development of the export industry sector. While the first three Development Plans in Thailand had focused on encouraging the growth of import substituting industries, during the Third Development Plan (1972-75), the Thai government shifted to an export strategy based on labour-intensive manufacturing. Manufacturing production provoked a shift of output and labour from agriculture to industry. The new industrial sectors absorbed the migrant labour from rural areas slowly. As a result, migrant workers from rural areas were absorbed in the informal economy, including homework (Arunotai, et al., 2001).