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Introduction to Part 4

This part starts out with a chapter that provides definitions and conceptualization of education indicators and indicator systems. This chapter also contains examples of indicators at system level and at school level. The next two chapters refer to the research literature on school effectiveness as a basis for the further modeling of indicator systems. In Chapter 10 a basic conceptualization is provided, whereas Chapter 11 reviews the empirical evidence from studies carried out in industrialized and developing countries in more detail. Chapter 12 provides a more detailed list of variables and items that can be used to measure educational context, input and process indicators inspired by the school effectiveness research literature. Chapter 13 specifically looks at the issue of “value added” performance indicators.