Practitioners, Higher Education and Government Initiatives in the Development of Action Research: The Case of Austria
The material provided by our respondents was used to cross-check and modify our own analysis of literature published on Austrian action research work. Extracts from the letters and tapes are quoted in the following sections to present original views and voices from our respondents 1. The German version of the paper was presented for discussion to a conference of Austrian action researchers in 1995 and rewritten in the light of the reactions provided (see Altrichter and Thaler, forthcoming). While the results are certainly not to be generalized to other national contexts with different educational histories and politics, they might offer a useful set of hypotheses for the analysis of the development of non-traditional research and development approaches under different societal conditions.