chapter  V
14 Pages

GREECE IN EUROPE

ALTHOUGH declared free, Macedonia and Greece proper had in fact been under Roman supervision for many years when the revolts that broke out here and there in the middle of the second century B.C. induced the conqueror to establish a more rigorous system of control. The provincial era1 of Macedonia (148) dates quite clearly from the year when the former kingdom of Perseus received a governor, who was a proconsular prætor. The four districts carved out of this territory were abolished; the fiscal burdens were perhaps not increased; but the foreign domination was immediately made manifest by the creation of the Egnatian way, a military road connecting Thessalonica with Illyria. Indeed, Rome at the same time incorporated this latter country in the new province and similarly annexed to it the coasts of Thrace. Only a few towns retained their independence: Apollonia, Epidaurus, Amphipolis, Thessalonica, Ænos, Abdera, and also the islands of Samothrace and Thasos.