chapter  X
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LONG before the Roman conquest Britain had been invaded by men from across the Channel; the pure Celts were mingled with Gallo-Celts from northern Gaul, for the relations between peoples are largely determined by geographical conditions, and this country which was easily accessible from the Gallic coast and belonged to the same land mass attracted emigrants, singly or in groups, before it fell an easy prey to the Romans.1 It was with peoples resembling the Gallic tribes and, like them, disunited that Cæsar came in contact when he made his first attempt, of which we have already noted the result.2 We know that it led to nothing, and that Claudius was the first to repeat it successfully3 and create the new province.