35 Pages


Despite decades of international assistance, poverty is on the rise in Africa. The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) estimates that Africa’s share of the world’s poor will rise from 30 per cent to 40 per cent, and that more than half the continent’s population will live below the poverty line by the year 2000. Increasingly, poor women outnumber poor men in Africa. In addition, African women fare worse than African men in important areas. The Human Development Index for women is only half that for men in Kenya, the only African country for which data are available (UNDP 1991:23, 17).2