chapter  3
25 Pages

ARCHAEOLOGY OF FRENCH WOMEN AND FRENCH WOMEN IN ARCHAEOLOGY

Such an inquiry leads one to pose another question, a question which is totally emblematic of the French situation: why is there no gender archaeology in France? And asking it, in turn, leads one to discover a wider conundrum: why is feminism so peaceful and moderate in France? There is, in fact, no university department of women's studies. 2 Books and theses devoted to women are not only infrequent but, above ali, do not propose a reinterpretation of history in the light of women's history. The historian Mona Ozouf (l995a: 11) emphasizes that, 'deprived of that militancy which transforms feminine misfortune into honour', they only propose additions, and 'do not contrast collectively guilty men and collectively victimised women'. In looking for a way to elucidate this French 'singularity' (Ozouf 1995a, 1995b) or 'exception' (Badinter 1992, 1995b), we have to go back to History. And in doing so, I will take up the argument made by Ozouf.