WOMEN ARCHAEOLOGISTS IN RETROSPECT: The Norwegian case
The history of women archaeologists in Norway is a short one. The first woman entered the discipline in the early 1930s. That is 50 years after the first woman was admitted, in 1883, to attend lectures at the University of Kristiania, later known as Oslo (Agerholt 1973: 60), and 60 years after the first chair in archaeology was instituted (1874) . Today the ratio between female and male archaeologists in paid jobs is approximately 1: 1, and has been so for the past 20 years. Until the 1960s, however, women were in a minority in the discipline. In the 1970s most women archaeologists held temporary jobs, and there were no women in leading positions in cultural heritage management, in university faculties or in the museums. This, however, has changed radically during the past decade, so that, in the early 1990s, out of 11 professors in archaeology, five are women, and there are two women among the five directors of archaeological museums.