chapter  10
FIELDWORK IS NOT THE PROPER PRESERVE OF A LADY: The first women archaeologists in Crete
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After many years of relative neglect, there has recently been a renewed interest in the work of the Cambridge Ritual School, which consisted of the influential and much discussed classical scholar Jane Ellen Harrison and her colleagues, Gilbert Murray and Francis Cornford (Ackerman 1991; Calder 1991; Peacock 1988). This has generated a reassessment of the importance of the ritualists' studies of the history of Greek religion as a reaction against the positivist trend which dominated the field of classics in the second half of the nineteenth century. Harrison, who was the undisputed centre of the group, developed innovative views in her research about the relationship between ritual and myth, involving an integration of archaeological, anthropological, sociological, psychological and textual perspectives. In addition, feminist scholars have vindicated her role as a controversial investigator in the context of the struggles of women in the academic world of British universities at the turn of the century (Passman 1993).