chapter  20
12 Pages

JEFFERSONIAN AMBIVALENCES

ByEva T. H. Brann

Toward the end of the nineteenth century “the canonization of Jefferson the Educator” (Peterson: 240) had, after a half century’s eclipse, been pretty well completed, especially in the South. Three ideas were especially ascribed to him: the duty of the state to educate its citizens for its own and their well-being; a unified, merit-selective system from elementary school to university; the specifically American character of an education on republican principles: practical, locally controlled and as free as possible from needless discipline.