The development of an urban working-class culture on the Rhodesian Copperbelt
Culture is everything that is man-made, not natural and transmitted over the generations in a continuous, cumulative and modifying process of social change (Bromley 1977). From a spiritual point of view, ‘what really binds men together is their culture-the ideas and the standards they have in common.’ (Benedict 1934, p. 16) Even in homogeneous societies this will be based on a mixture if not a conflict of old and new ideas and standards. In a colonial society in rapid flux, where modern and traditional, European and African cultures are in vigorous interaction, it is not always easy to know which culture is being transmitted to the next generation. In the past, the separation of the races in Southern Africa and the persistence of traditional ideas, institutions and structures has caused some social anthropologists and historians to think the old culture had either resisted the new or was at least effectively coexisting with it.