chapter  2
10 Pages

Processes of archaeological preservation

In order to understand the processes and dynamics of preservation in both naturally buried and archaeological contexts, it is essential to understand the roles of water, air, soil and groundwater chemistry, organic matter and the soil fauna. This is part soil science and relevant to Chapter 4 on buried soils, as well as Chapter 5 on lowland and upland landscape systems, with further development through case studies presented in Chapter 11. The outline presented here is of central importance in helping to determine the nature and scope of project research design, where and why one might expect to find certain classes of evidence, and what might be some of the biases in preservation potentially affecting a context.