Welfare states, labour markets and gender relations in transition: the decline of the Scandinavian model?
That profound restructuring is taking place in economies and labour markets, and that welfare states operate under increasing external constraints, is commonly understood. But the causes, magnitude and direction of labour market and welfare state restructuring are contested. This chapter explores what happens to the configurations of state policies and labour market institutions characteristic of the Scandinavian model in this period of increasing external pressures, and how political-institutional change relates to restructuring of employment and gender relations. Welfare state and labour market structures and processes are gendered, and thus change might affect women and men differently, transforming prevailing gender structures.