chapter  1
19 Pages

The BRICS studies

Academic approach and frontier issues
WithXu Xiujun

Since Jim O’Neill put forward the concept of “BRIC” 1 in 2001, the term has invited extensive attention internationally, and more and more scholars have put the BRICS countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) together for BRICS studies. In 2009, the leaders of Brazil, Russia, India and China held their first meeting in Yekaterinburg, Russia, and since then cooperation among the four countries and their cooperation with the outside world has gradually been on top of BRIC agendas, and BRIC studies have become increasingly extensive and in-depth. Currently, such studies involve a wide variety of areas with a particularly prominent discipline-crossing characteristic, and this offers rich materials for academic exploration through BRICS studies. To clearly present a picture of academic studies over the past 15 years on the issues concerning the BRICS’s development and cooperation, and to promote further studies in the future, this book, based on the review of the development and cooperation of the BRICS countries – South Africa joined in 2010 – explores academic approaches to BRICS studies. This book does so from the perspective of the evolution and expansion of study topics, study perspectives, study methods, study paths and study levels, and puts forward some hot research topics and frontier issues based on contentious academic viewpoints.