Experimental investigations concerning combined delayed ettringite formation and alkali-aggregate reaction
ABSTRACT: Delayed Ettringite Formation (DEF) and Alkali-Aggregate Reaction (AAR) are both endogenous swelling processes that can affect concrete. They lead to a decrease of the mechanical properties, cracking and unexpected deformations and thus induce severe concerns in terms of structural integrity for affected structures. This paper describes an experimental investigation concerning the mechanical effects of DEF and AAR acting separately or simultaneously. The effect of the water supply conditions is investigated. Finally a quantitative model is proposed to account for swelling of materials affected by both DEF and AAR.