chapter  17
Use of GIS for Earthquake Hazard and Loss Estimation
ByStephanie King, Anne Kiremidjian
Pages 14

The realistic assessment of the earthquake hazard and potential earthquake-induced damage and loss in a region is essential for purposes such as risk mitigation, resource allocation, and emergency response planning. A geographic information system (GIS) provides the ideal environment for conducting earthquake hazard and loss studies for large regions (King and Kiremidjian, 1994). Once the spatially-referenced databases of geologic, geotechnical, and structural information for the region have been compiled and stored in the GIS, different earthquake scenarios can be analysed to estimate potential damage and loss in the region.